Information: SCIENCE

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Related Advancement and Awards

  • Merit badges: Animal Science, Chemistry, Energy, Environmental Science, Geology, Insect Study, Mammal Study, Medicine, Nature, Nuclear Science, Oceanography, Plant Science, Reptile and Amphibian Study, Soil and Water Conservation, Space Exploration, Veterinary Medicine, Weather
  • Nova and Supernova awards

Three Areas of Science – Science is the study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experimentation. Because science studies literally everything, scientists specialize in many areas. Although some specialties overlap, all sciences tend to focus on one area of the chemical, living, or physical world.

ChemistryChemistry deals with the identification of the substances of which matter is composed, the investigation of their properties, and the ways in which they interact, combine, and change.

BiologyBiology is the study of living organisms, divided into many specialized fields that cover their morphology (form and structure), anatomy (the branch of morphology that deals with structure), physiology (function and activities), behavior, origin, and distribution.

PhysicsPhysics is the scientific study of matter and energy and how they interact with each other. Physics often explains the fundamental mechanisms of other sciences.

Scientific Specialties – The suffix “-ology” means “the study of.” Words formed with this suffix describe the study of a particular subject. The areas of scientific studies are almost endless. Here are a few of the “ologies” and other scientific specialties.

  • Anthropology—the study of humans
  • Archeology—study of prehistoric peoples and cultures
  • Astronomy—the study of celestial bodies
  • Biology—the study of life
  • Cardiology—the study of the heart
  • Dermatology—the study of skin
  • Entomology—the study of insects
  • Ethnology—the study of cultures
  • Geology—the study of rocks and minerals
  • Hematology—the study of blood
  • Hydrology—the study of water
  • Ichthyology—the study of fish
  • Microbiology—the study of microscopic organisms
  • Oncology—the study of cancer
  • Neurology—the study of the nervous system
  • Paleontology—the study of fossils
  • Psychology—the study of the human mind
  • Radiology—the study of X-rays and their medical application
  • Seismology—the study of earthquakes
  • Toxicology—the study of toxins
  • Volcanology—the study of volcanoes
  • Zoology—the study of animals

Resources and References

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